Depression: Different Types, Signs, and Treatment Options

Depression: Different Types, Signs, and Treatment Options

Depression can be a severe medical issue that needs treatment. However, it may affect the treatment and success of other chronic illnesses, like asthma and heart disease, arthritis, diabetes, and cancer. Furthermore, depression causes more missed workdays, short-term conditions, and reduced efficiency and alertness. Individuals suffering from depression can choose among treatment options, such as medication and psychotherapy.

Different Types of Depression

Depression can be classified into 4 types: major depressive disorder, chronic depression (dysthymia), atypical depression, and manic-depressive disorder (bipolar disorder). There are various symptoms of depression. However, certain types are more apparent symptoms. These are common signs of the multiple types of depression:

  • Inability to concentrate or make decisions
  • Fatigue and fatigue
  • Feeling unimportant, guilty, or in need of help
  • Problem sleeping, waking early, or having difficulty falling asleep
  • Overly long sleep and tiredness
  • Tetchiness
  • Agitation
  • The loss of interest in previously loved activities
  • Not able to eat or eating too much
  • The pain that doesn’t disappear even after medication
  • Suicidal thoughts

Major Depressive Disorder

Depression symptoms that hinder the ability of a person to perform their usual tasks such as eating, working, sleeping, and paying attention -are classified in the form of “major depressive disorder” (MDD) by the National Institute of Mental Health. MDD can be different from the other types of short-term depression, including the blues. MDD is a more severe form of depression that can last for several months or even for a long time. MDD sufferers find it difficult to perform everyday chores and duties. Most of the time, MDD is a long-term disease and requires treatment. On this page, you will find out more about health volunteer studies about depression.

Chronic Depression

In contrast to MDD, chronic depression lasts for a long period. An uneasy mood that lasts for longer than 2 years is considered chronic depression by medical professionals. Chronic depression isn’t as severe as MDD. However, it does share several similar symptoms. An MDD diagnosis isn’t necessary since the symptoms aren’t common or intense enough.

Atypical Depression

Atypical depression exhibits symptoms like MDD; however, it is not enough to be diagnosed with MDD. An increase in appetite, weight gain, extreme tiredness and sleeping, and abnormal reaction to rejection are common signs of atypical depression. Find out more about different mental health stories right here.


Bipolar disorder is a serious illness that alters a person’s DNA. Extreme mood swings between manic phases and depression are the primary characteristic of manic depression. Changes in mood in those with manic depression are often gradual or quick. Hallucinations, insomnia, psychotic behavior, paranoia, and exaggerated delusions are all symptoms associated with manic episodes.

Treatment Options for Depression

If you think that you suffer from depression, the most effective thing is to visit a doctor. There are many different treatment options discussed with the doctor, ranging from medicine and psychotherapy to therapist with psychotherapist training.

Depression medication comes in various types. Serotonin is controlled by these drugs. The SNRIs, like Cymbalta and Effexor, and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), including Elavil, are newer drugs that may be more suitable for you. Deciding on the right medicine and dosage could be a lengthy process.

You could benefit from a variety of types of therapy. Don’t give up too soon searching for the right treatment and therapist. Many people view psychotherapy as a type of therapy where you talk to an expert. As with marital therapy or marital therapy, interpersonal therapy is focused on the people you have in your life. Mental health concerns treatment like depression or anxiety and the disorder of attention use cognitive-behavioral treatment to modify your thinking process.